[6][5], For nearly 200 years, Saint Croix, St. Thomas and St. John were known as the Danish West Indies. The site is marked by Fort Salé, a remaining earthworks fortification from the French period of occupation, about 1617. ", "The integrity of each rod depends on me. Previously, the official language was Danish, although it was not widely spoken. Water quality and taxonomic analysis from both studies will be shared and correlated to create one of the most thorough investigations of year-round bioluminescent bays to date. Every year on the Saturday before Mardi Gras, there is a local Mardi Croix parade and a dog parade through the North Shore. Bio bays are extremely rare with "only seven-year-round lagoons known to exist in the Caribbean".[30]. "The paint on the rod should shine off the water. On January 18, 2012, the company announced that the HOVENSA refinery would be permanently shut down. The United States Army, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the United States Marshals Service were ordered in to restore order.[11][12]. The French name was partially retained under Danish rule as Sankt Croix, and the island was finally given its current spelling following the US takeover in 1917. March 17, 2017 tashalewisblog. The most widely known and visited is located at Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve. This effort by a select group of nationalist senators eventually failed after much public outcry and controversy. St. Croix's nickname is "Twin City", for its two towns, Frederiksted on the western end and Christiansted on the northeast part of the island. [4], Dutch and English settlers landed Saint Croix in 1625, joined by some French refugees from Saint Kitts. [32] A study at the bio bay located at Salt River is being conducted as of 2013[update] by faculty and students from the University of South Carolina, the University of North Carolina-Wilmington and the University of the Virgin Islands. However, the total population actually declined by 50% in the century preceding 1945.[14]. Igneri pottery indicates that people's presence on the island from 1–700, followed by the Taíno from 700 to 1425, before the encroachment by the Caribs in 1425. ©2018 St. Croix Rods. On the conclusion of a peace with France, the islands were returned to Denmark. Updated information dedicated to Moving and Living in the Virgin Islands. Those considered to be the native Crucians (or by the more politically correct term: ancestral native Crucian) of Saint Croix are persons who can trace their ancestry to the era prior to U.S. Virgin Islands acquisition of American citizenship in 1927. As in most of the Caribbean, various forms of Rastafari are practiced on the island. This material covers where to stay, fun things to do, culture, local events, beach guides, how to get around, plants and animals, history, tips, things to see, art galleries, shopping and so much more. The QE IV Ferry does not operate during hazardous weather conditions. Many years of battles over possession of the island followed between the two powers. A few hundred meters off the northern coast of the island, from Salt River to Cane Bay, the bottom drops suddenly into a deep trench, where coral reefs, abundant tropical fish, and migrant sea turtles may be observed. The prosperity was due greatly to sugar cultivation, rum production and slave labor. In 1754 the islands became a royal colony. Many are temporary residents or retirees, as well. Tensions have subsided to some extent in recent years, mainly due to intermarriage among Crucians and other Caribbean peoples. This has proven difficult for new residents and visitors from right-hand traffic locales such as the mainland United States, the French and Dutch West Indies, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. A combination of factors creates the necessary conditions for bioluminescence: red mangrove trees surround the water (the organisms have been related to mangrove forest,[31] although mangrove is not necessarily associated with this species). The island's indigenous Taino name is Ay Ay. [21] Cruzan Estate Diamond Rum (aged five years in American oak barrels) and Cruzan Single Barrel Estate Rum (aged 12 years in American oak barrels) are two examples. In 1772, local businessmen funded Hamilton's further education in New York.