To convert; The exact conversion formulae are represented as: f °Fahrenheit to c °Celsius: (f − 32) °F × 5°C/9°F = (f − 32)/1.8 °C = c °C, c °Celsius to f °Fahrenheit: (c °C × 9°F/5°C) + 32 °F = (c × 1.8) °F + 32 °F = f °F. ", "Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist (1778–1850)", Release on the IAPWS Formulation 1995 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use, Online calculator using the IAPWS Supplementary Release on Properties of Liquid Water at 0.1 MPa, September 2008, Hydrogen chalcogenides (Group 16 hydrides), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Properties_of_water&oldid=988298682, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, White crystalline solid, almost colorless liquid with a hint of blue, colorless gas, 3.1690 kilopascals or 0.031276 atm at 25 °C, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 09:35. By early 1970s much of the world had adopted the Celsius scale except the United States and its territories. The required potential for the electrolysis of pure water is 1.23 V at 25 °C. When addition of water to an organic molecule cleaves the molecule in two, hydrolysis is said to occur. However the author defines an, Both acid and base names exist for water because it is, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, "Unified description of temperature-dependent hydrogen bond rearrangements in liquid water", "Molecular structural order and anomalies in liquid silica", National Institute of Standards and Technology, International Committee for Weights and Measures, "Impact of High Pressure — Low Temperature Processes on Cellular Materials Related to Foods", "Review of the vapour pressures of ice and supercooled water for atmospheric applications", "Revised Release on the Pressure along the Melting and Sublimation Curves of Ordinary Water Substance", "Lecture 12: Proton Conduction, Stoichiometry", University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, "Scaling behaviour for the water transport in nanoconfined geometries", "Physical Forces Organizing Biomolecules", "Vibration-Rotation-Tunneling Dynamics in Small Water Clusters", "Concerted hydrogen-bond breaking by quantum tunneling in the water hexamer prism", "Quantum Tunneling of Water in Beryl: A New State of the Water Molecule", "Guideline on the Use of Fundamental Physical Constants and Basic Constants of Water", "Experimenter Drinks 'Heavy Water' at $5,000 a Quart", "Is 'Heavy Water' the Fountain of Youth?