0000009161 00000 n ��c�%{�2�\�:��h}4N�duc��jl8D~&17�����Z��5'������vx��� Overall, the rates for men were 50% for age 65–69 years and 23% for age 70+ years in 2007. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Notably, gerontechnology constitutes a pillar of gerontology (Ouchi & Akiyama, 2010). Aging is not only an immediate personal issue but also a salient factor in crucial public policies, such as pensions, health, and long-term care. First, recognizing population aging as a critical societal issue for the past two decades, Japan has implemented a number of policies. Aging research is conducted at various public and private institutions, including universities. Whether to replicate old communities that are familiar to their residents or to build completely new ones is controversial. Random sample of adults aged 50–75 years in five municipalities at Wave I. A constructive pyramid means that most of the population are middle-aged because the bars in the middle are relatively longer than the ones in the bottom and the top (young people and old people). Rebuilding broken social relationships, reintegrating isolated older adults, and encouraging older adults’ labor participation are major challenges in rapidly aging urban communities. Japan simply cannot afford having older adults not working. Understanding the societal backdrops helps us appreciate the meanings of the March 11 earthquake for the aging society, older persons, and gerontology. Population pyramid of Japan: 2005 and 2030. The 2011 earthquake reminded Japan of its traditional societal strengths, exemplified by the predominantly rural Tohoku district. 0 Search for other works by this author on: Exchange and reciprocity among two generations of Japanese and American women, The cultural context of aging: Worldwide perspectives, Sixth cross-national comparative survey: Lives among older adults, List of Statistical Surveys conducted by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, White paper information and communications in Japan 2010 (Jouho Tsushin Hakusho Heisei 22-nendo-ban), National Academies (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; Indian National Science Academy; Indonesian Academy of Sciences; National Research Council of the U.S.; National Academies, Science Council of Japan), Preparing for the challenges of population aging in Asia: Strengthening the scientific basis of policy development, National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK), Japan Broadcasting Cooperation, Earthquake-related deaths exceed 500 (“Saigai-kanren-shi” 500-nin Koeru), Care of the elderly and women’s labour force participation in Japan, Ageing in advanced industrial states: Riding the age waves—Volume 3, International Studies in Population 8, Work, health, and family at older ages in Japan, Aged population: Current and future (Korei-sha Jinko-no Genjo-to Shorai), Portal site of official statistics of Japan, Foreign workers in long-term care: How is long-term care changing in Japan? (P321) But it is noticed that the population pyramid of Japan is turning into a constructive pyramid in the year 2005. For example, the U.S. National Academy of Science recently organized conferences among five countries: China, India, United States, and Indonesia, the four most populated countries in the world, and Japan, the most aged country (http://www.nationalacademies.org/AgingInAsia.html). Sociology, Chapter 5: Emotional Labor and Emotion work in Japan, Sociology, Chapter 10: Sexual Orientation,Intersexed, and Transgender in Japan, Sociology, Chapter 4: Significant others and Games. Although there is no national institute that functions like the U.S. National Institute on Aging, the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW), and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) provide competitive grants-in-aid for scientific research. Naoko Muramatsu, PhD, Hiroko Akiyama, PhD, Japan: Super-Aging Society Preparing for the Future, The Gerontologist, Volume 51, Issue 4, August 2011, Pages 425–432, https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnr067. 0000000755 00000 n Research funding comes from the national government as well as private industries and foundations. %PDF-1.5 %���� Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Baby boomers grew up during the rapid economic growth, entered the workforce before the bubble economy (1986–1991), and have just started retiring. Even among the married, fertility rates declined because of the lack of societal support for working women to have children as well as increased financial burdens of raising children. However, as you can see in the next chart, that percentage is about to jump. The institutes that specialize in gerontology include Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, established in 1972 to promote interdisciplinary aging research, and the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, founded in 2004. Nationally representative samples of noninstitutionalized adults aged 65+ years at Wave I. The end of World War II in 1945 is the largest historical event in Japan’s modern history. Currently, the first wave of data are publicly available.