A 1,2-glycol compound produced via reaction of ethylene oxide with water. [26], Antifreeze products for automotive use containing propylene glycol in place of ethylene glycol are available. Vestis Kim. Chem. It is also known as Ethane-1,2-diol or Monoethylene glycol. [antifreeze] [Note: A solid below 9F. 12th ed. Rostock Math. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Coal to MEG, Changing the Rules of the Game", "China's coal-based chemicals are a trade-off", "Polyethylene bio-degradation by caterpillars of the wax moth Galleria mellonella", "Stubborn plastic may have finally met its match: the hungry wax worm", "Synthèse du glycol avec l'oxyde d'éthylène et l'eau", "Glycol til industri og erhverv | Læs mere om glycol her", "Synthesis of pentacoordinate silicon complexes from SiO, "Antifreeze and Engine Coolant Being Bittered Nationwide", "Statement of the Science Report for Ethylene Glycol", "Interstellar Antifreeze: Ethylene Glycol", ATSDR - Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol Toxicity, CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Antifreeze ratio for Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethylene_glycol&oldid=985356545, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 13:55. [24] The major danger is due to its sweet taste, which can attract children and animals. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. Ethylene Glycol vs Diethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is an alcohol having the chemical formula C 2 H 6 O 2.: Diethylene glycol is an organic compound having the chemical formula C 4 H 10 O 3. It is used as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and fabric industry. Ingestion of sufficient amounts is fatal if untreated. In December 2012, US antifreeze manufacturers agreed voluntarily to add a bitter flavoring to all antifreeze that is sold in the consumer market of the US. Degrad. ], Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet or contaminated Change: Daily, NIOSH REL : See Appendix D OSHA PEL ? Derivatization of Carbonyls for GC Analysis, MArcel Dekker, Inc., New York - Basel, 2001, 233. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J. A polymer composed of repeating ethyleneoxy units. [33], Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Pure propylene glycol does not taste bitter, and pure propylene glycol is often used as a food additive, for instance in cake icing and shelf-stable whipped cream. [25] Several deaths are recorded annually in the U.S. Ethylene glycol is used in many different applications, but it's also famous for being a deadly poison. Et2O) gives the corresponding a 1,3-dioxolane, which is resistant to bases and other nucleophiles. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Ser., , 1973, 51-63. umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Ethylene glycol, 107-21-1, HO-CH2-CH2-OH. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. We doesn't provide formula of ethylene glycol products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. [31] While prolonged low doses of ethylene glycol show no toxicity, at near lethal doses (≥ 1000 mg/kg per day) ethylene glycol acts as a teratogen. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 1323-1327. https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:30742, ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™, Compounds with the same molecular formula, Search Google for structures with same skeleton, 387-389 F / 760 mmHg (197.2222-198.3333 °C / 760 mmHg), 388 F / 760 mmHg (197.7778 °C / 760 mmHg), Soluble in toluene, THF, hot water, DMF, CHCl3, Clear, colorless, syrupy, odorless liquid. It and its toxic byproducts first affect the central nervous system, then the heart, and finally the kidneys. Water was removed by azeotropic distillation to shift the equilibrium to the right. InChI=1S/C2H6O2/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2 Upon ingestion, ethylene glycol is oxidized to glycolic acid, which is, in turn, oxidized to oxalic acid, which is toxic. CopyCopied, CSID:13835235, http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.13835235.html (accessed 13:20, Nov 12, 2020) CopyCopied, LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N VII. : none. It is colourless and has a sweet taste. See the article on. ; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. Ethylene Glycol Formula. Ser., , 1973, 51-63. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005. ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Encyclopedia of Chromatography. Negishi Coupling (1) Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling (1) Stille Coupling (1) Heck Reaction (1) Sonogashira Coupling (1) Buchwald-Hartwig Cross Coupling Reaction (1) Cross Couplings (1) Hiyama Coupling (1) Available for Sale. [23], Ethylene glycol is moderately toxic, with an oral LDLo = 786 mg/kg for humans. Akad. Polymer Symp., , 1976, 889-901. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shimadzu Corporation, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation), 2003. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: HP-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gallet, G.; Erlandsson, B.; Albertsson, A.-C.; Karlsson, S., Thermal oxidation of poly(ethylene oxide-propylene oxide-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer: focus on low molecular weight degradation products, Polym. Formula Weight. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is mainly used for the manufacturing of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. PSR Zinat. This lesson goes over this substance's properties, names, structures, and formula. alone. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Off-flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Commun., 34, 1969, 767-775. umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. [29], Australia, the UK, and seventeen US states (as of 2012) require the addition of a bitter flavoring (denatonium benzoate) to antifreeze. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 107211; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss.